Scientific Name: Allium x proliferum
English Name: Tree or Egyptian Onion
Swedish Name: Luftlök
As opposed to the common onion (Allium cepa), the Tree Onion produces little bulblets instead of flowers at the top of its stalks. It is a hybrid species, between the A. cepa and A. fistulosum (Welsh Onion).
The Tree Onion cannot be found in the wild in Sweden, but has been cultivated for a long time. It’s believed to have medicinal effects, such as helping digestion, curing insomnia and other sleeping problems, and increasing immunity to the common cold.
Scientific Name: Endromis versicolora
English Name: Kentish Glory
Swedish Name: Skäckspinnare
The Kentish Glory is a moth in the Endromidae family that is found in parts of Europe. In Sweden, it is quite common and can be found in all regions except the very north. The female can be seen in the first picture and is joined by a male (the darker one with thicker antenna) in the second picture.
This moth feeds mostly on birch, linden, and alder species.
Thanks to Paxon (@rhamphotheca) for helping me identify this species!
Scientific Name: Anemone hepatica or Hepatica nobilis
English Name: Common Hepatica
Swedish Name: Blåsippa
This flowering plant is an early bloomer- sometimes as early as just after snow melt in early spring. It’s found throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Closer to home, it can be found in the southern and middle parts of Scandinavia as well as the southern part of Finland.
The flower is often a light blue to purple in colour, although it can also be reddish violet or, rarely, white. It’s a protected species in several Swedish regions.
In Sweden, the Common Hepatica is a symbol for several political parties.
Note: the first picture is going to be printed on postcards. If you’re interested, there are a few copies still available for 5 dollars plus shipping (one dollar will go to help out people in the Philippines). Let me know if you’re interested!
Scientific Name: Muscari botryoides
English Name: Grape Hyacinth
Swedish Name: Pärlhyacint
The Grape Hyacinth (called Pearl Hyacinth in Swedish) is a bulbed perennial plant that has become naturalized in Sweden. It often produces blue or white flowers, but sometimes even a rarer pink variant can be found. They are commonly used as gardening plants, from which they have escaped and become naturalized throughout the middle and southern parts of the country.
Scientific Name: Impatiens glandulifera
English Name: Indian Balsam
Swedish Name: Jättebalsamin
The Indian Balsam is a naturalized plant that is native to the Himalayas, but has been introduced via human activity to many places in the Northern Hemisphere. They are considered invasive species and eradication methods are applied in some countries, Sweden included.
The plant can grow up to two meters high and has dark pink to light pink petals. Green seed pods are produced and when mature, even the slightest tough can cause the pods to burst, releasing the seeds- hence the epithet impatiens, meaning impatient.
It is found in many parts of Sweden, especially where there is moist soil.
Scientific Name: Echium vulgare
English Name: Viper’s Bugloss or Blueweed
Swedish Name: Blåeld
The Blueweed is a flowering plant native to parts of Eurasia, but has become naturalized in North America. They have vibrant blue flowers that start off pink when young, and stamen filaments that are red, producing a stark contrast against the blue petals.
It can be found in most parts of Sweden, especially in well built up areas. In Swedish, the name translates to ‘blue fire’.
This spring, I saw a mother Moose/Eurasian Elk (Alces alces, in Swedish: Älg) and her calf from the van on a Landscape Ecology excursion.
Scientific Name: Andromeda polifolia
English Name: Bog Rosemary
Swedish Name: Rosling
The Bog Rosemary is not closely related to the Rosemary plant, but is so named due to the similarity in appearance. It is native to the Northern Hemisphere and is easily identified from the white to pink bell-shaped flowers and long, thin leaves with pale undersides. It grows in acidic wetlands such as bogs.
The plant is poisonous and should not be ingested.